Androgen-genetic alopecia corresponds to a progressive and permanent loss of hair from the anterior and upper parts of the scalp. The earlier the hair loss begins (15-16 years) the greater it will be, leading in extreme cases to Socratic baldness, where only a narrow band of hair remains covering the neck and the sides of the skull.
Transplant intervention by FUT
It consists of transplanting hair from a dense area into a bald area.
A strip of scalp 1 to 2 cm wide is taken from the neck area.
The strip is then cut into micro grafts of 1 to 3 hairs.
These micro grafts are placed in the area to be treated, respecting the natural orientation of the hair. Mono-hair implants are made on the anterior line in order to obtain a more natural effect. 2-3 hair implants are used in more posterior areas to increase hair density.
The donor area is sutured with deep stitches and superficial stitches.
Points can be withdrawn after 10 days.
The anesthesia used is generally local, sometimes associated with intravenous sedation.
The procedure is usually performed on an outpatient basis, with same-day discharge.
The initial consultation makes it possible to detect pathologies that can cause alopecia such as hypothyroidism, diabetes or iron deficiency. In case of doubt an assessment will be carried out.
A careful questionnaire will assess the motivations and desires of the patient. Together we will objectify the result that can be expected after a single intervention and the probable number of interventions necessary to obtain a satisfactory result.
Complications of a FUT Hair Transplant
Even minor surgery carries risks. These complications are infrequent and usually minimal in this case. The risk of reaction to anesthesia cannot be eliminated.
A hematoma or bleeding may require revision surgery.
The infection is exceptional in the scalp.
Epidermal cysts may appear after a few months on the grafted area. It is sometimes necessary to incise them without damaging the grafts.
The scar in the harvest area is normally quite thin. An enlargement of this scar is quite rare. This scar is however visible if the area is completely shaved.
Following the instructions before and after surgery reduces the appearance of complications.
It is imperative to stop smoking at least one month before the surgery. Taking aspirin is prohibited 10 days before the procedure.
Before the surgical act, it is necessary to wash completely with an antiseptic soap.
It is important to provide someone who can accompany you home after your hospitalization.
Post-operative follow-up of a FUT hair transplant
The postoperative course is generally painless.
On each graft, a small crust forms which should not be scraped off.
The transplanted hair falls quickly and then grows back between the second and third month.
Bruises and edema on the forehead may appear in the days following surgery.
Hair washing is possible after the 2nd day.
It is necessary to have a reduced activity for 3 to 5 days.
The Threads are removed between the 10th and 15th day.
The practice of a sporting activity may be considered from the 4th week.
The result is visible from the 6th month. A single intervention is generally not sufficient to obtain a satisfactory result. Even after several sessions, the hair density obtained will never be that of normal hair.
This text provides basic information on the principles and procedure of hair transplantation. A more detailed information sheet will be given to you during your consultation. A good understanding of the procedure and the expected result is essential before considering this intervention. It should be emphasized that the goal of this surgery is to bring an improvement and not to obtain perfection. If your wishes are realistic, the result obtained will satisfy you.